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Heart Disease

 

Cardiovascular/Heart Disease refers to a group of chronic and acute conditions impacting the heart and blood vessels. Most of these conditions are related to atherosclerosis, or a buildup of plaque in the walls of arteries. Plaque buildup narrows the arteries, putting more strain on blood flow in the arteries and placing people at risk for a heart attack or stroke.   Cardiovascular diseases include:  arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat), cardiac arrest (sudden loss of heart function), congestive heart failure (when a person’s heart is not pumping enough blood - it doesn’t mean the heart is “failing”, it means the heart is not working efficiently), high blood pressure (hypertension), cardiomyopathy (disease of the heart muscle in which the muscle becomes enlarged, thick or rigid), high cholesterol, and stroke (when a blood vessel is blocked or bursts in the brain).